17 December, 2017
10 December, 2017
Waa wareysi khaas ah oo lala yeeshay La-taliyaha Madaxweynha ee Dhaqaalaha oo uu kaga hadlay arrimo xasaasi ah, muhiim ah oo hadda taagan...Qaybtii Labaad
01 December, 2017
"If I were to take a friend other than my Lord, I would take Abu Bakr as a friend." (Hadith)
Election to the Caliphate
The Prophet's closest Companion, Abu Bakr, was not present when the Holy Prophet (peace be on him) breathed his last in the apartment of his beloved wife of later years, Aisha, Abu Bakr's daughter. When he came to know of the Prophet's passing, Abu Bakr hurried to the house of sorrow.
"How blessed was your life and how beatific is your death," he whispered as he kissed the cheek of his beloved friend and master who now was no more.
When Abu Bakr came out of the Prophet's apartment and broke the news, disbelief and dismay gripped the community of Muslims in Medina. Muhammad (peace be on him) had been the leader, the guide and the bearer of Divine revelation through whom they had been brought from idolatry and barbarism into the way of God. How could he die? Even Umar, one of the bravest and strongest of the Prophet's Companions, lost his composure and drew his sword and threatened to kill anyone who said that the Prophet was dead. Abu Bakr gently pushed him aside, ascended the steps of the lectern in the mosque and addressed the people, saying,
"O people, verily whoever worshipped Muhammad, behold! Muhammad is indeed dead. But whoever worships God, behold! God is alive and will never die."
And then he concluded with a verse from the Qur'an:
"And Muhammad is but a Messenger. Many Messengers have gone before him; if then he dies or is killed, will you turn back upon your heels?"3:144
On hearing these words, the people were consoled. Despondency gave place to confidence and tranquility. This critical moment had passed. But the Muslim community was now faced with an extremely serious problem: that of choosing a leader. After some discussion among the Companions of the Prophet who had assembled in order to select a leader, it became apparent that no one was better suited for this responsibility than Abu Bakr. A portion of the speech the First Caliph gave after his election has already been quoted in the introduction.
Abu Bakr's Life
Abu Bakr ('The Owner of Camels') was not his real name. He acquired this name later in life because of his great interest in raising camels. His real name was Abdul Ka'aba ('Slave of Ka'aba'), which Muhammad (peace be on him) later changed to Abdullah ('Slave of God'). The Prophet also gave him the title of 'Siddiq' - 'The Testifier to the Truth.'
Abu Bakr was a fairly wealthy merchant, and before he embraced Islam, was a respected citizen of Mecca. He was three years younger than Muhammad (peace be on him) and some natural affinity drew them together from earliest child hood. He remained the closest Companion of the Prophet all through the Prophet's life. When Muhammad first invited his closest friends and relatives to Islam, Abu Bakr was among the earliest to accept it. He also persuaded Uthman and Bilal to accept Islam. In the early days of the Prophet's mission, when the handful of Muslims were subjected to relentless persecution and torture, Abu Bakr bore his full share of hardship. Finally when God's permission came to emigrate from Mecca, he was the one chosen by the Prophet to accompany him on the dangerous journey to Medina. In the numerous battles which took place during the life of the Prophet, Abu Bakr was always by his side. Once, he brought all his belongings to the Prophet, who was raising money for the defense of Medina. The Prophet asked "Abu Bakr, what did you leave for your family?" The reply came: "God and His Prophet."
Even before Islam, Abu Bakr was known to be a man of upright character and amiable and compassionate nature. All through his life he was sensitive to human suffering and kind to the poor and helpless. Even though he was wealthy, he lived very simply and spent his money for charity, for freeing slaves and for the cause of Islam. He often spent part of the night in supplication and prayer. He shared with his family a cheerful and affectionate home life.
Such, then, was the man upon whom the burden of leadership fell at the most sensitive period in the history of the Muslims.
As the news of the Prophet's death spread, a number of tribes rebelled and refused to pay Zakat (poor-due), saying that this was due only to the Prophet (peace be on him). At the same time a number of impostors claimed that the prophethood had passed to them after Muhammad and they raised the standard of revolt. To add to all this, two powerful empires, the Eastern Roman and the Persian, also threatened the new-born Islamic state at Medina.
Under these circumstances, many Companions of the Prophet, including Umar, advised Abu Bakr to make concessions to the Zakat evaders, at least for a time. The new Caliph disagreed. He insisted that the Divine Law cannot be divided, that there is no distinction between the obligations of Zakat and Salat (prayer), and that any compromise with the injunctions of God would eventually erode the foundations of Islam. Umar and others were quick to realize their error of judgment. The revolting tribes attacked Medina but the Muslims were prepared. Abu Bakr himself led the charge, forcing them to retreat. He then made a relentless war on the false claimants to prophethood, most of whom submitted and again professed lslam.
The threat from the Roman Empire had actually arisen earlier, during the Prophet's lifetime. The Prophet had organized an army under the command of Usama, the son of a freed slave. The army had not gone far when the Prophet had fallen ill so they stopped. After the death of the Prophet the question was raised whether the army should be sent again or should remain for the defence of Medina. Again Abu Bakr showed a firm determination. He said, "I shall send Usama's army on its way as ordered by the Prophet, even if I am left alone."
The final instructions he gave to Usama prescribed a code of conduct in war which remains unsurpassed to this day. Part of his instructions to the Muslim army were:
"Do not be deserters, nor be guilty of disobedience. Do not kill an old man, a woman or a child. Do not injure date palms and do not cut down fruit trees. Do not slaughter any sheep or cows or camels except for food. You will encounter persons who spend their lives in monasteries. Leave them alone and do not molest them."
Khalid bin Waleed had been chosen by the Prophet (peace be on him) on several occasions to lead Muslim armies. A man of supreme courage and a born leader, his military genius came to full flower during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr. Throughout Abu Bakr's reign Khalid led his troops from one victory to another against the attacking Romans.
Another contribution of Abu Bakr to the cause of Islam was the collection and compilation of the verses of the Qur'an.
Abu Bakr died on 21 Jamadi-al Akhir, 13 A.H. (23 August 634 A.C.), at the age of sixty-three, and was buried by the side of the Holy Prophet (peace be on him). His caliphate had been of a mere twenty-seven months duration. In this brief span, however, Abu Bakr had managed, by the Grace of God, to strengthen and consolidate his community and the state, and to secure the Muslims against the perils which had threatened their existence.
Waxaan Tacsi u dirayaa ehelkii,tafiirtii,iyo asxaabtii Marxuun Cabdirisaaq Jaamac Cumar “Ina Ciyaale, oo shalay 30 November 2017, lagu aasay magaalada Hargeysa. Cabdirisaaq waxuu ahaa nin bulshaawi ah oo dad wadeen ah. Nin kaftan badan, oo laab furan. Waxuu ku suntanaa dhismaha dimuquraadiyadda dalka heer kasta ooy soo martay, min xiligii nabadeenta iyo aasaaskii qaranka Somaliland, iyo xiligii dhismaha xisbiyada. Waxuu ahaa Guddoomiyaha Komishanka Ilaalinta Xisbiyada iyo Ururada.
Alle ha u naxariistee, waxaa inaga baxay haldoor aan wax badan wadaagnay. Alle ha u naxariisto Cabdirisaaq qabriga ha u nuuro hana uga dhigo beer ka mid ah beeraha jannatul fardaws. Ehel iyo asxaabna Alle ha waafajiyo samir iyo duco..
Mustashar Axmed Xasan Carwo
25 November, 2017
Translated by Ahmed Hassan Arwo
15 November, 2017
31 October, 2017
30 September, 2017
- · Waxa kor loo qaadi doonaa dakhliga danyarta, iyadoo la siin doono awood dhaqaale oy u furtaan meherado iyo ganacsiyo yaryar.
- WAxuu dhiirigelin doonaa sidii loo samayn lahaa hay’ado maaliyadeed oo kaaliya bulshada danyarta ah
- · Waxuu xoogga saari doonaa sidii ayna bulshadu u kala tegteen ooyna u abuurmeen dabaqado dhaqaale oo aad u kala sareeya.
Waxa jira mawaadiic si dadban u gargaaraaya danyarta sida: La dagaalanka Sicir Bararka iyo xoojinta isticmaalka shilinka, ilaalinta suuqa xorta ah iyo la dagaalanka monoboliga, iyo tan ugu weyn ee ah casriyeynta maamulka iyo yoolka cashuuraha. Dalkeena manta cashuurahu wax yar mooyee waa qaar ku dhisan Cashuurta Dadban oo u badan tan kastamka ee bedeecadaha la saaro. Taas oo culeeskeedu (Tax burden) uu si gaar ah ugu dhaco danyarta. Waxa inta awoodeena ah si joogta ah loo hore marin doonaa cashuurta tooska ah (Direct Tax) ee la saaro macaashka muwaadinka. Taas oo u dhow cadaaladda, kuna dhisan waxa ruuxu macaasho sharkad iyo fardiba. Halka manta Matalan cashuurta raashinka ay danyarta iyo qanigu isku si u sarantay. Kolka cashuurta tooska ah hore loo mariyo waxa suurtagal noqonaysa in cashuurta raashinka la dhimo amba aan marna la kordhin.
Iftiimin yar, waxa ruuxa danyarta ihi dakhligiisa 80% ilaa 100% ku bixiyaa raashin iyo labiskiisa, kolka maal qabeenku ay tahay wax aan macno lahayn oo sifiro badani ka horeeyaan numab la soo qaadan karo. Taas ayaa ka dhigeysa in culeeska cashuurta kastamku si aad u xad dhaaf ah ugu dhacdo danyarta.
Halkan ka daawo video ahaan:
29 September, 2017
DP World to fund improved water and healthcare access in Somaliland
The funding builds on DP World's ongoing work in Somaliland where it has a 30-year concession to develop a multi-purpose project at the Port of Berbera. The initiative aligns with the UN's 17 goals for sustainable development that address major issues such as access to clean water and sanitation, ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, combatting climate change, and protecting our oceans and forests. It also forms part of DP World's "Our World, Our Future" global sustainability programme.
As part of the project, DP World will drill four water wells in Berbera and three outside the Sahil region to address recent water shortages and meet the increasing demand for water following the growth of Berbera's infrastructure and the development of the port. The Sahil region has been affected by a devastating drought for two years and only one in three people in Somaliland currently have access to safe drinking water, according to the United Nations. Part of the donation will also help finance improvements to the Berbera General Hospital and the Berbera Mental Hospital, to ensure access to better medical facilities and reduce the need for local residents to travel outside of the town when they require assistance.
DP World Group Chairman and CEO, Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, said: "The UN's Sustainable Development Goals fit with our intention to work in a sustainable and responsible way, especially our commitment to minimise impact on our environment and to build vibrant, secure and resilient societies. This support for Berbera is part of our commitment to help develop the areas in which we operate and we are confident that our donation will have important benefits for many people across the region. We look forward to continuing to work closely with the Somaliland authorities and local people to improve people's quality of life through key infrastructure and sustainability projects."
Since taking over the Port of Berbera, DP World has backed a range of initiatives on water scarcity, education and healthcare in the Sahil region. Ongoing efforts include donating 4.5m litres of water to the drought committee in Berbera, sponsorship of 11 schools and a maritime education academy, as well as two hospitals and a clinic. To help tackle food insecurity and famine in the area the company has also supplied 3,000 families with food provisions.
Daily Hadith, 29-09-2017
that a bedouin came to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and said: Messenger of Allah, direct me to a deed by which I may be entitled to enter Paradise. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) remarked: You worship Allah and never associate anything with Him, establish the obligatory prayer, and pay the Zakat which is incumbent upon you, and observe the fast of Ramadan. He (the bedouin) said: By Him in Whose hand is my life, I will never add anything to it, nor will I diminish anything from it. When he (the bedouin) turned his back, the Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: He who is pleased to see a man from the dwellers of Paradise should catch a glimpse of him.
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Ayat of the Quran
وَقَاتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ
Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.
Al-Baqarah (The Cow) »
English Quran »
13 September, 2017
Somaliland Presidential Economic Advisor
This year Somaliland national budget needs broader consideration, as it is nearly certain that new leadership will take power at the start of the year. The governing party leadership should have their input in the coming budget. The vision of Presidential candidate of the governing party should be given top priority. By any standard review and revised budget by the new leadership is a must. This is normal as a governing party ensures continuity of its plans and injects new projects and schemes seen as essential by the new leadership.
The idea of preparing and planning for better budgeting is within the principle of better accountability. It is cornerstone for enhanced resource management and strengthening good governance. It ought to give an amble time for discussion, consultation, and review prior to its approval in Executive and the Legislative bodies. On the other hand, nearly every item in the budget is flexible, and the government has the possibility of redirecting expenditure or making changes in both revenue and expenditure. That flexibility calls for broad involvement and practical participation of line Ministers throughout its preparation.
Budgeting as part and parcel of national planning starts with President’s vision shared with and committed by the cabinet and tunnelled down through government hierarchy. Leadership provides prioritized resource allocation and targets on social, economic and industrial activities of the nation.
The National Budget has to be developed and properly linked with National Development Plan. There ought to be coordination between all government departments in executing their duties to serve a common purpose and to realize leadership vision. Above all cooperation between MoF(Ministry of Finance) and MoP (Ministry of Planning) is a requisite for a viable and visionary plan that can be tied up with fiscal frameworks both medium and operational.
KULMIYE government led by HE President Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo, improved public confidence in government. Expectation was high. This made all our budgets highly stretched which calls out for continuous undertaking to make it achievable. It reflects more than anything else, the desire of the government to reserve no energy in serving public for better quality of life. A budget increase from a mere 45 Million US Dollars in 2010 to over $363 Million for 2017 budget is beyond normal growth.
Dedication to financial efficiency both at collection and distribution points played a momentous role in this colossal increase.
Despite extraordinary energy and commitment to enhance the know-how of our staff, yet the capacity and technical know-how is comparably low. With that in mind, collection of data and its analysis should be improved for better decision making. That is necessary to formulate fair and progressive budget across the nation.
Though a remarkable improvement is made in due course, yet we have not realised all ingredients of modern budget.
The new KULMIYE Presidential Candidate Mr. Muse Bihi, more than once accentuated his vision regarding financial control and good governance built upon premises to engage war on corruption and mismanagement. This calls for proper, well defined budget where rules and roles are clearly defined, and responsibilities and authorites are unmistakably distinct. Mr. Bihi also underlined the need of fair and equal distribution of resources.
Budget with that vision needs careful and in-depth analysis of all variables and factors that influence both macro and micro-economy across the nation, by sector and by district. Hefty this task is, it cannot be realised within one budget term but should be the target to realise it, sooner possible and of course within the term of Bihi’s Presidency.
A comprehensive and inclusive planning covering all sectors of government departments and agencies is necessary.
The following has to be considered for an input:
Economic parameters i.e. future rate of inflation, and exchange rate.
Macroeconomic statement, covering GNP and employment level.
Coordinated and shared Budget priorities
Departmental ceilings and targets.
Regional and district sub-budgets (Devolution)
Agreed organization of budget preparation (Timeline schedule)
All these necessitates inter-ministerial coordination and across board cooperation of all departments and agencies.
For better forecasting the following are necessary:
Line ministers are responsible and liable for drawing and implementing policies in their sector. In line with overall targets and priorities, they should be responsible for developing sectoral policies and budgets.
Ministries should have professional capacities to collect and analyse essential information needed for trade-offs among projects and programmes.
They should be responsible to formulate guidelines for their departments and dissecting their draft budgets.
Ministry of Finance has the leading role in budget preparation, coordination, reporting, monitoring and controlling.
MoF should have sufficient authority and power to ensure both fiscal targets and strategic prioritization among sectors.
MoF establishes guidelines for preparing Ministries’ programmes.
It reviews line ministers’ requests, scrutinizes, and adjusts against fiscal policies.
MoF facilitates decisions on major policy choices and allocation of resources, but do not make these decisions all alone.
Equally MoF has to review and screen requests, and not prepare them.
Complex interdependency of macroeconomic constraints as well as government revenue and expenditure needs technical and statistical in-depth analysis. A higher economy growth will most likely lead to increased employment and a corresponding increase in income tax revenue. Higher incomes tend to increase consumption with a resulting increase in custom duties of goo ds. A drop in the unemployment level will have the same effect as it will increase direct tax rev enue. Vice versa results will be achieved from opposite economic trend.
• Visionary input must be the guiding principle and should be physically present.
• Regional involvement will enhance democratization of national resources allocation.
• Due to lack of technical capacity in most Ministries and with good faith, MoF is obliged to extend its contribution taking an extra burden to complete budgetary processes.
• Complete practical review of budget system in each and every level is necessary in order to improve fiscal management.
• A full-fledged civil service reform to raise public sector efficiency is positive and essential contribution to good governance and accountability needed for better budgeting and efficient resource management.
Complex interdependency of macroeconomic constraints as well as government revenue and expenditure needs, technical and statistical in-depth analysis. A higher economy growth will most likely lead to increased employment and a corresponding increase in income tax revenue. Higher income tends to increase consumption with a resulting increase in custom duties of goods. A drop in the unemployment level will have the same effect as it will increase direct tax revenue. Vice versa results will be achieved from opposite economic trend.
According to the vision of fair distribution of national resources, as Presidential candidate Mr. Bihi underscored, tax reforms are essential to enhance the principle of affordability, and fairness. A progressive system of taxation will reduce the heavy burden of indirect tax on the citizens at the lowest level of economy ladder.
Ahmed H Arwo
Somaliland Presidential Senior Economic Advisor
30 August, 2017
Aqoonyahan Mustashar Axmed Carwo, La-taliyaha Madaxweynha ee Dhaqaalaha ahna kaadiriinta xisbiga Kulmiye ayaa ka waramay arrimo xasaasi ah oo la xidhiidha xisbiyada, doorashooyinka, Golaha Wakiilada iyo deganada.